Update on Raw Cruciferous Vegetables and Thyroid Function : The Renegade Health Show Episode #739

Friday Jan 7 | BY |
| Comments (57)

A great question came in overnight about raw cruciferous vegetables and the thyroid based on the comments I made yesterday…

Today, I answer that question as well as talk about my thoughts on hot yoga, if there is any research on how dangerous EMF frequencies are and give you the fermented pineapple recipe that I mentioned yesterday.

Take a look…

Your question of the day: What do you think about hot yoga?

Click here, scroll down to the bottom of the page and leave your comments now!

Live Awesome!

Kevin Gianni

Kevin Gianni is a health author, activist and blogger. He started seriously researching personal and preventative natural health therapies in 2002 when he was struck with the reality that cancer ran deep in his family and if he didn’t change the way he was living — he might go down that same path. Since then, he’s written and edited 6 books on the subject of natural health, diet and fitness. During this time, he’s constantly been humbled by what experts claim they know and what actually is true. This has led him to experiment with many diets and protocols — including vegan, raw food, fasting, medical treatments and more — to find out what is myth and what really works in the real world.

Kevin has also traveled around the world searching for the best protocols, foods, medicines and clinics around and bringing them to the readers of his blog RenegadeHealth.com — which is one of the most widely read natural health blogs in the world with hundreds of thousands of visitors a month from over 150 countries around the world.


Comments are closed for this post.

  1. Diana Bryans says:

    I do hot yoga almost every day of the week. I must say that I am in love with it. I do agree with you that it is not for everybody as it can be very dehydrating and hot in the room. The thing about doing hot yoga is not to push it rather to know your own limit. Also, you have to hydrate yourself plenty before, during, and after the class in order to prepare for it.
    All in all, leading a healthy lifestyle will help you get more out of a yoga class. I once went to a hot yoga class after little sleep and two cups of coffee and it was brutal. Now I can go every day and not even notice the heat while in the class.

    Yoga is now my main form of exercise along with the occasional run and lots of walking. I never go to the gym and I feel great. Not only is yoga increasing my physical flexibility and strength, it helps a lot with mental flexibility and strength as well!

    My conclusion: you are crazy for not doing hot yoga 🙂

  2. a says:

    thanks guys

    re EMFs, heres an independent female professors website on a whole variety of EMF topics (i.e its best to try and reduce EMF exposure – phone/wifi/dect etc.)


  3. Karen says:

    I have never heard of it. I just love learning new things from you – thanks!!

  4. Angelique says:

    The fermented pineapple drink sounds exactly like a drink Haitians have been making for a long time called Godrin (just some fun trivia 🙂

  5. Hot yoga is wonderful. I swear by it. Most hot yogis do I think. (Though I wouldn’t consider myself a yogi as of yet.) Totally not for everyone.

  6. Anne says:


    Yes I’ve tried Bikram Yoga (hot Yoga) here in Vancouver a few years ago. Yoga is the thing here and there are yoga studios everywhere.

    I totally disliked it. I’m fit and exercise almost daily (6 days per week) so I can’t be considered out of condition. However I sweat a lot and dislike heavy humidity to start with for that reason. After about 50 min of the 90 min class I felt like I’d lost half my bodyweight in sweat and was light headed and feeling like I was going to faint.

    I can’t see how this practice can be good for anyone to be honest but am open to think that others can benefit from it but you won’t catch me going back to a class.

    I’ve never really enjoyed Yoga either.

  7. briannaG says:

    I haven’t watched the video yet, but I saw the question of the day and needed to respond right away…

    I LOVE hot yoga! It’s fantastic. I’ve always had this interest in yoga but could never fall into a consistent routine until I found hot yoga. It’s fantastic!

  8. myroadhome says:

    Bikram Yoga (aka the original “hot” yoga) is INCREDIBLE Kevin and I am a person that HATES super hot weather and I would never consider myself to be athletic and certainly not a Yogi. Ha! I strongly recommend you try several classes in a row and THEN form your opinion. Somehow, I love the sweating part – I have never felt better than after a Bikram class. Just wish I could fit more of those 90 min. long classes into my lifestyle. I am ~25 lbs overweight and feel that I can still perform well in the class however I have thought before that a very large or obese person might struggle more in the heated room and in some of the postures but I would never say its not a good idea to try it out. You do acclimate to the heated room and after 15 min or so its really no big deal.

  9. Blair says:

    I am obsessed with hot yoga! it makes me feel so amazing and really helps stretch out the muscles even more. you DEFINITELY need to try it! If I am really sore from weight lifting or just tired and I go, I will feel completely revitalized after, it is great.

    I am also so glad that you addressed the cruciferous vegetables and thryoid issue because that was the first I had heard and kind of felt like this is something that I am dealing with as I juice a head of kale daily.

  10. Lilith says:

    I love hot Yoga!
    I started when I was recovering from burn out and adrenal fatigue, and it actually helped me regain energy, and balancing my thyroid!

    Though you might want to tread carefully – it is kind of stressfull, and you really need to take it in your own pace and not get caught by the competetive air. (especially if you have adrenal probs!)

    As of now… i am in kind of a to bad shape to want to go… I need to get a bit more fit first (just as you say, Kevin), to really be able to gain from it.
    But I love the heat! 🙂

  11. Karen Toth says:

    I did hot yoga for 2 weeks, first time I went too far and hurt myself. Being aware of the movement that caused the pain,I no longer did that movement for the rest of the sessions.

    You really do need to do less as the heat can make you think doing more is ok!

    I really don’t like hot yoga and agree with Kevin!
    Most people do overstretch and cause more damage then good.


  12. Debby says:

    I love Hot Yoga and am not what some would call physically fit at 10 pounds overweight and 59 years old. I wish I had found it many years ago. The heat is great for stretching my muscles, the sweat is detoxifying my body, my heart rate is excellerated for 90 minutes. Every part of my body inside and out are exercised. LOVE LOVE it.

  13. Mary Ellen says:

    You were glowing today. You looked the best I have ever seen you look. Wonder what it was from.

  14. lisa says:

    I think that the problem with hot yoga is more the case that the heat tricks the body into thinking it is more flexible than it really is and so people stretch beyond their limits, winding up with injuries to ligaments and joints. Another thing to be aware about it is the fast flinging around action with instructors that neglect to take the time to give proper alignment instructions. As a yoga therapist, I have worked with many students recovering from serious injuries that resulted from hot yoga.

    On the other hand, it is, as you said, more suited to those in OPTIMAL health who simply wish to reestablish the previous days muscle length, and definitely not for anyone who has any issues, particularly back/spine.

  15. Marianne says:

    I am a Yoga Teacher and do think that Hot Yoga is dangerous. If you live in a hot climate (like the area where Bikram is coming from) and are used to it – no problem, but if not, it can be very dangerous for the student. Sure, some people love it and feel good practicing Hot Yoga, but too many get hurt – some badly.

  16. Linda Miller says:

    Read Tonya Zavasta’s book “Raw Food and Hot Yoga”.

  17. Eve says:

    As a chiropractor, I agree with you, Kevin – I see people in my practice who injure themselves by going too far during hot yoga. I also wonder about the health logic of exertion in intense heat. Personally, my body won’t tolerate it – I exercise best when it’s cool and my body heats from within. But I do know all our different bodies respond individually – so I’m not surprised that some people seem to do so well with hot yoga.

    Where did the cruciferous veg/ thyroid link come from, research-wise?

  18. Jessic a says:

    I absolutely love hot yoga! I do it several times a week except in the summer when it’s hot, in which case I switch to regular yoga until the weather cools again. I live in Calgary, Alberta Canada so the weather is usually on the cooler side. I even started when I wasn’t very good at yoga. I did hurt myself once in a Bikram class but I went against my own inner wisdom. It makes me feel amazing, calm but energized and gives my complexion a super glow! I love heat however and tolerate it very well. The hotter it is, the better my body works and all my regular aches/stiffness go away. It’s very detoxifying.I have heard of people who feel quite sick after hot yoga as they can’t handle the heat. Depends on the individual.

  19. That beverage it’s called TEPACHE, you can add a cinnamon stick and a clove and gives delicious flavor!

  20. Lisa says:

    Hi Kevin, I was sooo excited when you published your research video on thyroid and cruciferous vegetables because it seemed wrong that green vegetables – the things that I find the most healing, would not be healing for anyone. When I listened to the video I understood what you said as, cruciferous veg were fine for people with thyroid issues as long as they had enough iodine. So if say, a person takes a rounded tsp of kelp powder in their juice and either lets it strain or drinks it with the bits in, would that then be ok?
    I am not understanding why you have stepped back from what you seemed to be saying when you initially reviewed the papers. What is it you know/have been advised since?? I want to understand!!
    Thanks Kevin and Annmarie, I don’t know how you do what you do – it is incredible, I have huge admiration for your dedication and huge gratitude that you are getting the message out there so steadily and coherently, using your intelligence and research ability for the benefit of us all. Thanks!!

    Lisa, Devon, Uk

  21. As a nutritional consultant, I highly recommend hot yoga. But PLEASE listen to your body and take it slow. It’s not for everybody, but I believe , in my opinion it is one of the best exercises that works every part of your body and is great for your posture and balance and a great detoxifier. 9 out of 10 times I can spot the person out in a crowd who practices yoga on a regular basis …

  22. Ryan says:

    I agree that many hot yoga instructors turn it into a sport rather than a mindful practice. This is especially true of bikram yoga, also known as “mc-yoga”.

    I’ve found that many people benefit most from restorative yoga. Still postures using supportive bolsters, cushions and blankets – held for periods of 15-20 minutes. Of course, often times what we stand to benefit most from, we have the greatest aversion towards. I work with a lot of competitive runners and it is challenging to convince them to do restorative yoga. They all want to go full tilt for every workout.

    Kev, I know you have mentioned that you have trouble sitting still, and thus don’t really resonate with yoga. With your recent increase in exercise, I humbly suggest you look into a few restorative poses such as a supported back bend, legs up the wall pose, supported savasana and child’s pose to ensure you are getting maximum recovery and benefit from all the working out. As you know, it is when we rest and let the body integrate that we receive the benefits from our practice.

    Many blessings. Namaste.


  23. SAR says:

    I love hot yoga!!!

  24. Andria says:

    Hey Kevin, I have no idea about Hot Yoga but I am curious. As for you being crazy, Crazy Cool, always full of great info!!!! Thanks for the show!!! 🙂

  25. Thanks for the continued good information on the cruciferous veggies and thyroid function, Kevin. When working with people I also like to remember the monkey wrench that autoimmune thyroid disorders (which are sadly also on the rise) can throw into the mix when deciding whether or not these are good to consume. Its an evolving puzzle and I appreciate you pointing that out, as well as how readily you can communicate when your understanding of a subject has evolved.
    Hugs to you and Annmarie,
    Andrea Nakayama

  26. debra says:

    It’s a gateway. Yoga has much more than asana to offer, but for many of us it’s a great place to start.

  27. Erina says:

    kevin your not crazy – you are awesome.
    i too have never been to hot yoga – for now i think
    id just rather naturally heat up.
    thanks for all your great shows & info.
    still enjoying it all.

  28. Dawn says:

    I used to do hot yoga all the time when I lived near a great studio! I had been raw for a few months when I started and felt like it helped increase my energy/speed up detox or something. It also made me super flexible and my teachers always encouraged us to take a break if we felt dizzy or tired. I really enjoyed it and feel it is a really enjoyable workout!

  29. I do enjoy the hot yoga. However, it is easy to overstretch when the muscles are hot and super limber. I think one needs to take it slowly and maybe even work up to the full 90 minutes.

    Very detoxifying and a wee bit addicting. I haven’t been in a long while and now use an infrared sauna instead just due to convenience.

  30. I love the challenge of hot yoga, mentally and physically. I go back and forth on it being “natural”.

    I am surprised that you simply put up a wall and say “I won’t”, I challenge you to try. seeing that you are someone who objectively gathers real experience and data on healthy eating/lifestyle, it just makes sense:) . I too thought it was something not for me but it takes going at least a time to make that decision.

    thanks for the great show!

  31. Julie says:

    Episode #642 will not load…can you send the recipe for the drink to help with quitting coffee?? Please?

  32. Kuru says:

    Hot yoga is way too hot for me since I run hot anyway, and find no enjoyment in pumping away in a breezeless room! BUT, I do love yoga; can’t imagine life without it. Kevin, it is the most wonderful thing for your adrenals! Give it another shot with a different teacher. It’s so important that you resonate and receive inspiration. And if they don’t emphasize the breath, get out of there fast!

    I agree with Mary Ellen that you looked especially vibrant today. New York rain?

  33. Darlene Santano says:

    Since I don’t do well in humidity anyway, I can’t imagine what it must be like to be in a 40 degree room with 40 % humidity trying to exercise. I don’t think I could stand it for more than 5 minutes! I do like regular yoga though and find I’m more flexible now that I do Crossfit so the poses are easier.

    Kev, you’re always cool!

    Incidentally, what do you think about the latest vaccine controversy? The “science” journals are trying to make Andrew Wakefield out to be a fake! They’re even saying more children are getting the measles than ever just because they haven’t been vaccinated!

  34. oreganol says:

    I’ve never tried hot yoga but agree that you probably need to get to a certain level of fitness first. I don’t think I could exercise is that level of heat though. It’s bad enough walking around Bangkok when it’s 30-35C. I can’t imagine exercising in it. And hot yoga uses even higher temperatures. But it does have its advocates, so is probably good for some people. But different exercises suit different people, so it’s not a case of is it good or bad; it’s more a case of is it right for you. The world isn’t split into good and bad, as many people seem to think. One man’s meat is a nother man’s poison.

  35. Jack Barnett says:

    Hi Kevin,

    I greatly appreciate all of your knowledge – thank you for spending the time researching with a critical eye, and relating back to us.

    I wonder if you have any thoughts on raw cruciferous for HYPERthyroidism. I’ve been eating them consistently in quite large amounts for some time now. What are your thoughts?

    Much appreciated.


  36. Carol says:

    How about fermented raw cruciferous veggies? Does that stop the detrimental effect on the thyroid?

  37. Tina says:

    Hi Kev,

    I have to say I really loved all the positive feed back that you received today. Nice and relaxing posts.

    Kev i just finished watching David Wolfs longevity now, and he speaks of cruciferous veg and thyroid mor on the absolute of you need them. Did I miss understand? Are you two agreeing of differing? Not that it matters I just want to make sure I understand.

    And what did you think of the Longevity Now conference?

    Your doing well, Keep going with your level headed way with the Issues.


  38. Muriel says:

    I love Kundalini yoga and practice 3 times per week with much benefits to my overall health.
    Hot yoga is definately not for me, but if someone else enjoys it, who am I to say “good or bad” for someone else.
    Exercise is what matters, do something that suits your body type and personality.

  39. Page says:

    I take Jivamukti yoga classes 3-4 times a week. The room is quite warm, not hot, hot, but I work up enough of a sweat for me. I really enjoy Jivamukti because the yogic principles are taught.

  40. Peg says:

    I myself have not done the hot yoga–love the regular yoga, though. My daughter did Bikram or hot yoga for a while, but found that afterwards, she felt totally wiped out. Did not seem to be the best for her.

  41. Ingrid says:

    Since you get hot during yoga anyway, I can’t imagine it being very pleasant to feel sweat dripping down your back or feeling too hot. I haven’t tried it but don’t feel an urge to do so either. But to each their own!

  42. Sharon says:

    hot yoga sounds disgusting. I wouldn’t want to be in a room full of sweaty, stinky people. Just think of the bacteria factor. Yuck.

  43. Angie Leigh says:

    Are you crazy…? Not so much. Are you Insane…? Most likely! HA HA I am just kidding.

    I feel the same about hot yoga actually, and I find yoga challenging enough as it is without the added component of heat. So no Kevin I do not think you are crazy. Very entertaining however, and that is just one reason why I continue to watch your shows!

    Angie :):):):):)

  44. Joseph DiMasi says:

    Yes, you’re crazy. But all of us here are! 😉

    Hot Yoga: Rocks – I practice several varieties. Very addictive… in a good way. A few things about it, IMHO:
    – hydration is *key*. Add some sea salt to your water. Deeply hydrate in the mornings, and hours before class. You’ll be thirsty afterwards, so just listen to your body.
    – take it slow… in the heat, your body will “think” it’s more flexible than it actually is. Ramp up slowly.
    – Seasonal. Like Ayurveda, or any holistic approach, consider the weather. I’m drawn to it in the cold colorado winters… heating your bones helps the winter not be so bad. I take the summers off & Hike! 😉
    – Your first job is just adjusting to the room. If you feel faint, just lay on the floor and enjoy the heat. It may take a few classes before your body feels comfortable to push in it.
    – Empty Stomach. Give yourself a couple hours before w/ no heavy meals. I’m not sure what about the heat makes that more prominent, but it seems to matter.

    my two cents… 😉

  45. Olga says:

    Kevin, you should try Bikram Yoga for 10 classes. I would be so, so curious to see what you think about it after 10 classes. And I would say that the studio you go to matters alot. The teachers at my studio absolutely do not make it a sport, but rather emphasize that it is a practice to be approached without expectation or judgement, but rather only with hope, consistency, accuracy and a lighthearted sense of fun.

    I disagree with you when you say that someone should do Bikram Yoga if they are flexible. You do yoga *not* *because* you are flexible but to *become* flexible. And I have found it to be the absolute best teacher in staying hydrated and well nourished. I am better hydrated now than before starting my Bikram Yoga practice, and I simply want to eat well, without trying.

    Despite all attempts by my intellect to try to convince me that Bikram Yoga is not really a true yoga practice, I have totally fallen in love with it. It has been profoundly mood altering and even life changing.

    10 classes at a good Bikram studio. Since you are fit and aware of your hydration and nourishment needs, I challenge you to try it.

    As one of my favorite Bikram teachers says at the end of her class, the light within me honors and salutes the light within you.

    p.s. The hot yoga studio you went to should have had you put a towel on your mat to prevent you from slipping.

  46. Kristine says:

    I did hot yoga for about 3 months. I am a cautious and informed person on exercise and still managed to injure myself! I loved it up to that point. I am now loving Iyengar yoga with all its straps and ropes, etc. I only wish it was a warmer in the room. I find a bit a sweating detoxes, concentrates the mind and you feel great afterwards…

  47. Jillian says:

    I don’t think Kevin is crazy for not doing hot yoga. It’s the kind of thing where you like it or you don’t.

    Kevin is totally off about it. I don’t think he gets it at all. You don’t have to be in great condition to do it at all! You go at your own pace, just as in all yoga.

    I love hot yoga. It’s a great workout. It feels good. You probably have to like heat.

  48. Mama Tam says:

    Yoga asanas have been practiced for thousands of years. Traditionally they were done in the coolest parts of the day. The concept of hot yoga was a North American invention that was created as a business. The North American preoccupation with losing weight and going the distance with competition has thwarted the practice of yoga, as far as I’m concerned. Yoga is no longer about going into the body and finding the balance between effort and effortless. It is now about pushing yourself as far as you can go, and heat just helps you get that much deeper. I believe that the healing potential of the asanas is somewhat compromised when they are practiced in this extreme heat. Dehydration is a killer, and most people are dehydrated as it is! (Sorry for the duplicate comments, I didn’t enter the correct website on previous posts!)

  49. Beth says:

    I enjoy hot yoga during the colder months, but not during the hot summer months.

    Yoga is great because you can go your own pace. Most teachers / instructors help with modifications.

    Perhaps Kevin is thinking of Hot Power Yoga, as opposed to just a Hot Yoga class?

    I also bring a towel and put it at the top of my mat. That way my hands don’t slip.

  50. Yogini J says:

    I taught Hot (Bikram) Yoga for 11 years, over 15 classes a week. I do not teach Hot Yoga now, altho still certified, cuz I chose to walk away from that system. My passion was gone for it.

    Now I teach Astanga, Restorative, and Anusara yogas. Yoga is also about evolution. Bikram (hot) yoga is a beginning class that lets a student grow, focus, increase flexibililty and listen astutely. It is a system. It works very well. Resistance is part of that which we learn to be comfortable with as it relates to the mind/body.

    However, teachers(students– what’s the difference?) are learning too. That is, we evolve and learn what we do from each other as ONE.

    So, how/what a teacher imparts is the attraction of the class, partly. So if a teacher is pushy, provoked, proding and tuned out, find another class/teacher. If the teacher admits the limitations of any ‘system’, is compassionate, humble, helpful, wise AND urges your success and independence, stay! (until you don’t)

    Hatha yoga is all about moving meditation. The addition of heat allows the muscle/mind reaction to quiet very nicelty. It works, but you know what, alll yoga does, heat or not.Some like more, some like less. Yoga is meant to merge our polarities and resistances.

    So, what yoga, when, where,it’s a choice! Celebrate that we can choose! Yay Yoga. Yay choices.

  51. Eve says:

    I also hated Bikram Yoga the first time I did it, BUT I went back because I couldn’t stand the idea of wasting money. (I’d paid for ten sessions.)

    To my surprise, the second time was much different. I still felt the waves of dizziness and even slight nausia, but I felt GREAT afterward. I’ve been going off and on for the last 8 years or so.

    I don’t understand the jerking around comment. Everything is pretty slow and smooth and calm. I guess the situps are faster, but we are offered alternatives to all postures. Some teachers push more than others.

    I agree with everyone else about it not being for everyone. It’s strange for me because I don’t like the heat, but I like hot yoga. The sweat is great. (Always bring a towel.) The studio I go to wont allow you to join class unless you have a towel. :o)

  52. We need to get away from all processed sugars, aka “kiddie cocaine”. If you find yourself craving it, there’s a reason. It’s addictive! Natural sugars found in fruit, pure maple syrup, raw honey & blackstrap molasses are all healthy alternatives to sugar. For those of us with hypothryoidism, we also need to be sure to include rooted aquatic plants, whole grains, seeds, dates, apricots.

  53. Catherine says:

    Sorry I’m late jumping into this comment thread.

    Kevin, I always love what you have to offer about health, but if Yoga is not something you enjoy, then I don’t think you should be giving advice about it. It would be like giving us advice on smoothies and veggies, without ever having the experience.

    I did not enjoy Yoga when I first started doing it. Then at one point in my life I had the opportunity to do it more often and one day “I GOT IT!”. I felt this amazing connection with my body and my soul that blew my mind. I never looked back.

    I would suggest you explore yoga the way you have been exploring nutrition. It’s the most amazing journey I have ever been on. I don’t do hot yoga much, but I can enjoy it. I’m a yoga teacher now and love teaching people to reconnect with their bodies. When people get out of their competitive, do it right, thinking minds, and really feel their body and their breath, they are less likely to hurt themselves, whatever they are doing. In addition, when people reconnect with there bodies, they are more likely to stick with a healthier diet and lifestyle in general. Yoga is a journey and I always encourage people to learn the basics before jumping into a hot yoga or power type class.

    I don’t just do yoga. But yoga is the foundation for being able to do everything else I like to do better.

    Love to all. Catherine

  54. Amy says:

    “Refuse to try hot yoga?” REALLY Kevin??? Why close yourself off to something that could potentially be really awesome for your health, based on one experience? I’m a hot yoga teacher, and I think your comment that one should be more flexible and in shape in order to do hot yoga was completely inaccurate. I teach at a very beginner friendly studio…we have at least one new student come in every day, and I would say that 90% of them are not flexible and in “good shape”, yet MOST of them come out of the room with a huge smile on their face feeling fantastic. I do think that there are some people out there whose bodies just aren’t capable of handling the heat and humidity, and that’s ok, but they are definitely the minority. Hydration is definitely something to be aware of when you are practicing hot yoga, but as long as you stay on top of your water intake, it’s usually not an issue. I’ve seen so many lives changed by practicing a consistent hot yoga practice. It’s such a great way to stay fit, detox, de-stress, and break through barriers in your life. And in regards to slipping on your mat from sweat, most hot yoga studios recommend and/or provide towels to put on your mat for that exact reason 🙂 For all of you thinking about trying hot yoga, don’t let Kevin scare you away from it. Try it! Just be patient, take it easy, and allow your body to slowly adjust to the heat and postures…and have fun!

  55. Julie says:

    I feel that I get the most physical benefit from an hour of effort when doing hot yoga than from any other activity. The sweating greatly helps my skin condition. The postures help my balance, flexibility, and strength. Bikram was too militant for me, even though I did it off and on for 3 years because, as my husband put it: “I feel 20 years younger.” I prefer another hot yoga regimen that I found nearby. Four to five hours a week seem about right. I take summers off. I’m 62 and 40 pounds overweight.

  56. John says:

    I just started it recently and I don’t hate it as much as I thought I might. I tried several different places and some have the temp as high as 105F and others closer to 90 (I prefer 90), with humidity ranging from 60-90% (again, the lower the better). I sweat enough when it’s 80F and 50% humidity! The heat index for 105 with 90% humidity is 209F which I did not like at all, plus the class was 90 minutes and pretty intense. It felt like torture, not for me.

  57. Susie says:

    It’s probable that someone already posted this, but for sweaters, take a bath towel and lay it on top of your yoga mat to avoid slippage.

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